Editors know about inner and outer story. But most writers don’t. They don’t realize the balance is essential to crafting page-turning fiction, memoir, even nonfiction.
Case in point: A student in my classes was writing a serious memoir about an accident that almost caused his death and changed his life. He wrote to gain insight and closure on his own experience. But he also volunteers with similarly injured young people, and he hoped his book would help others going through the same trauma.